Symptoms of venereal diseases
It is common for venereal diseases to not have any symptoms. In which case, you don’t know if you have a venereal disease. Some venereal diseases can have symptoms such as discharge or blisters on the penis or vulva.
This is how you can get a venereal disease
Venereal diseases are most often transmitted when the following body parts come in contact with each other:
- the vagina
- the inner labia
- the anus
- the head of the penis
- the mouth.
Venereal diseases can also be transmitted when blood, vaginal fluid or semen come in contact with any of these body parts.
The greatest risk of getting a venereal disease is having sexual intercourse in the vagina or anus.
Venereal diseases can also be transmitted when you suck, kiss or lick someone’s sexual organs with your mouth or tongue.
You cannot get a venereal disease this way
Venereal diseases can never be transmitted in the following ways:
- Hugging or kissing someone.
- Holding someone’s hand.
- Using the same towel or same toilet seat as someone else.
- Drinking out of the same glass as someone else.
No venereal disease can be transmitted through the air.
You cannot get a venereal disease from masturbating.
Protect yourself from venereal diseases
This is how you can reduce the risk of venereal diseases:
- Use a condom or femidom when you have sex with someone.
- Use a condom or femidom the entire time you have sex.
- Change the condom if you have both anal and vaginal sex.
- Spit out semen if you get it in your mouth.
- Have sex by only caressing each other’s sexual organs with your hands.
This is how to get tested
Get tested if you have had unprotected sex with someone. You can get tested at a Youth Guidance Centre (ungdomsmottagning), a health clinic (vårdcentral) or a dermatology and venereology clinic. Tests for most venereal diseases are free.
Get tested even if you don’t have any symptoms or if a long time has passed since you had sex.
The most common way is to leave a urine sample or a blood sample. A test can also be carried out via a sample from the throat, vagina, urethra or anus.
Some diseases must not be spread
There is a law about some communicable diseases. The law says that you must get tested if there is a possibility you have any of them. Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea and HIV are three examples of such diseases. Tests for these diseases are free.
If you have this kind of venereal disease, you must tell health care professionals who you have had sex with. The staff will then contact these people and tell them that they need to be tested.
Whatever you tell health care professionals is confidential. The people you give information about will not be told who you are.
How to be cured of a venereal disease
After you have received an answer to the test, you will be given medication for the disease that you have contracted.
If you have HIV, you will need to take medication for the rest of your life. This medication is free.
You can read more about venereal diseases at UMO.se.